Masters (MSc) Orthodontics
The three-year MSc program provides the academic and clinical experience for a successful private practice career. Program completion will depend on completion of program requirements including; coursework, clinical case completion, seminars, and defense of research findings (thesis). Additionally, there may be an opportunity to present the results at scientific meetings.
Doctoral (PhD) Orthodontics
The five-year PhD Orthodontics program provides the academic and clinical experience for a successful private practice or academic career. To support the development of an academic career, the final two years of the PhD program will include undergraduate and graduate teaching.
The PhD students are required to complete the same courses as the MSc students, but additional courses related to their specific area of research may be required.
Candidates are accepted under the general regulations of the Medical Sciences Graduate Program. Completion of a DDS or equivalent degree is required, with a grade point average of at least 3.0 (or equivalent qualification) in the last 60 units of course weight of their dental program. Admission to graduate programs is dependent upon the recommendation of the department's Graduate Committee.
Candidates should be prepared to support themselves for the duration of their selected program, although funding from scholarships and studentships may be obtained on a competitive basis.
Beginning September 1, 2012, a cost recovery clinical operation fee of $12,500/year will be required in addition to regular instructional and non-instructional fees which can be accessed here.
One year of general dentist experience is required.
Students enrolled in the PhD program will not have the option of transferring to the MSc in orthodontics program, but they could transfer to the MSc in Dentistry as an option without orthodontic clinical training. The program will be structured to meet the individual educational objectives of the student.
For students conducting clinical research, the clinical training will be integrated through the program based on the individual student's research project. For students conducting basic science research, most of the research will be completed and the student will have passed the candidacy examination before starting clinical training. The thesis supervisory committee will determine what milestones will need to be met prior to beginning the clinical portion of the program.
Note: Applicants to the program must identify a willing faculty supervisor, a potential thesis topic, and potential funding. This information will be attached to your application for further consideration by the admissions committee.
English Language Proficiency
Proof of proficiency in the English language is required if English is not your native language. For proof of English language proficiency, the applicant must take one of the following tests and receive a satisfactory score of:
- TOEFL paper-based score of 570
- TOEFL computer-based score equivalent of 230
- TOEFL internet-based score equivalent of 95 (with at least 20 per section)
- CAEL minimum score of 70 with at least 70 on each subtest
- IELTS (Academic test) score of 7.5 with at least 6 on each band
Fully documented applications must be received by:
- October 1 (September admission)
- April 1 (September admission)
- October 1 (September admission)
- June 1 (September admission)
- October 1 (January admission)
- April 1 (September admission)
- August 1 (January admission)
- June 1 (for September admission)
- October 1 (January admission)
Completion of the following courses is required:
- OBIOL 500 (Oral Biology I)
Functional anatomy of head and neck, development, structure, function, and biochemistry of connective tissues associated with the jaws and cell biology. Course offered in alternate years.
- OBIOL 501 (Oral Biology II)
A continuation of Oral Biology I. Craniofacial development and selected topics in physiology. Course offered in alternate years.
- DENT 530 (Orthodontic Techniques & Biomechanics)
A comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of biomechanics in orthodontic treatment. Involves both the theoretical and practical application of biomechanical principles to orthodontic problem resolution through classroom and laboratory instruction.
- DENT 531 (Advanced Orthodontic Biomechanics)
This advanced course in orthodontic biomechanics and techniques will provide orthodontic graduate students the biomechanical analysis and understanding of how to handle complex clinical orthodontic cases. This course will instruct the orthodontic graduate students in the use of mini screws in clinical orthodontics. Prerequisite: DENT 530.
- DENT 532 (Growth and Development)
A detailed review of the postnatal growth and development of human craniofacial structures. Longitudinal and cross sectional growth data are presented. Course offered in alternate years.
- DENT 540 (Orthodontic Seminars)
Selected orthodontically related theoretical and practical topics along with orthodontic case management presentations are discussed in both seminar and preclinical formats.
- DENT 541 (Orthodontic Clinics)
Applied clinical education and experience is obtained through supervised management of selected orthodontic cases.
- DENT 551 (Introduction to Applied Statistics)
Analysis of variance, multiple linear regressions, measures of association and agreement, logistic regression, and non-parametric methods. Topics will also included sample size calculation, power analysis, and a brief introduction to meta-analysis. The concepts will be illustrated by problems in the dental and medical sciences. Applications to real data will be emphasized through the use of SPSS and R.
- DENT 552 (Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis)
Multivariate analysis of variance, repeated measures, multivariate linear regression, principal components, discriminate analysis, cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling will be studied. Topics will also include shape analysis in three dimensions. The concepts will be illustrated by problems in dentistry and medical sciences. Each student will submit a written report and present a research project focusing on these statistical methods. Applications to real data will be emphasized through the use of SPSS and R. Prerequisite: DENT 551.
- DENT 562 (TMD/Orofacial Pain Seminars) (This course is optional for Orthodontic students)
Seminars in the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint problems. Includes a comprehensive literature review. Emphasis placed on orthodontic considerations in the prevention and management of mandibular dysfunction. Course offered in alternate years.
- DENT 565 (Evidence Based Dentistry)
This course focuses on the general principles of evidence based dentistry. It will cover some basic principles of epidemiology, formulation of the clinical question, search and acquisition of available scientific evidence, critical appraisal and application of evidence in a dentistry context. A final written assignment is a course requirement.
- DENT 566 (Systematic Reviews in Dentistry)
This course focuses on the general principles of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis in Dentistry. It will cover principles, procedures problems and limitations in Systematic Reviews. Different types of Systematic Reviews would be analyzed. Use of Meta-Analysis as a statistical tool in Systematic Reviews will also be covered. Having a systematic review ready for submission to a peer reviewed journal is a course requirement. Prerequisite: DENT 565.
- DENT 640 (Orthodontic Seminars)
Second year seminar and preclinical presentations. Requires successful completion of DENT 540.
- DENT 641 (Orthodontic Clinics)
Second year applied clinical educational program. Requires successful completion of DENT 541.
- DENT 740 (Orthodontic Seminars)
Third year seminar and preclinical presentations. Requires successful completion of DENT 640.
- DENT 741 (Orthodontic Clinics)
Third year applied clinical educational program. There will be an opportunity for 3 one-week internships as part of this course. Requires successful completion of DENT 641.
Outcome-based assessments are completed at the end of the first year and second year. Full-time academic staff will assess diagnosis and treatment planning skills. Feedback from this assessment will serve to identify weak areas in the student's progress that will permit the development of specific improvement objectives before the next annual assessment. Failure to overcome the limitations will require the student to extend their program to allow for remediation.
Students are required to complete research, usually within the established research focus of the program, and to complete a paper format thesis. Students should have their research results ready to submit to peer reviewed journals for publication. It is anticipated that all student research projects will result in publication. Students may also have an opportunity to present their research results at an international scientific meeting prior to completion of the program.
Students will have completed a recognized undergraduate Dentistry program and meet the eligibility requirements established by the Faculty of Graduate Studies and the Graduate Studies Committee of the Department of Dentistry. Applications for the MSc and PhD in Medical Sciences (Orthodontics) will be received and reviewed by the Director of Orthodontics. Suitable candidates will be interviewed and rank ordered. The interview committee will include full-time Orthodontic Academic staff, an Orthodontic Graduate student, Affiliate Academic staff and a representative from the Orthodontic Alumni/Mentorship Association.
Admission to the MSc and PhD programs will be dependent upon the recommendation of the Medical Sciences Graduate Program Committee.